In an effort to reduce animal testing, the EPA’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP) has released a draft Science Policy recommending the use of non-animal alternatives to skin sensitization testing. A Skin Sensitization test is used to evaluate whether a product causes an allergic reaction, inflammation or sensitization of the skin. The EPA currently requires submission or citation of skin sensitization data before a pesticide can be registered in the United States. This draft science policy was developed with the cooperation of several international organizations seeking valid alternative test methods and collaboration between EPA’s Office of Pesticide Programs and Health Canada’s Pest Management Regulatory. Substantive scientific evidence supporting the efficacy of the alternative methodologies compared to animal testing exists. Internationally, the alternative approaches highlighted in the draft policy have seen success in adoption and implementation. By adopting these alternative approaches, the EPA hopes to reduce animal testing. Public comment on the draft policy is open until June 9th, 2018. More information on the draft policy can be found here.
EPA announced on February 28, 2018, the availability of three final test guidelines for antimicrobial pesticides:
1. OCSPP 810.2000 – General Considerations for Testing Public Health Antimicrobial Pesticides
2. OCSPP 810.2100 – Sterilants, Sporicides, and Decontaminants
3. OCSPP 810.2200 – Disinfectants for Use on Environmental Surfaces.
This guideline series, Series 810 – Product Performance Test Guidelines: Group B – Antimicrobial Efficacy Test Guidelines provides recommendations on the implementation of laboratory studies used to evaluate the effectiveness of antimicrobial pesticides used to help protect public health. More information and documents about the revision of the product performance guidelines can be found at www.regulations.gov, in docket EPA-HQ-OPP-2015-0276.